- About Us
- Conditions & Treatments
- Doctor’s Advice
High blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina:
There are two main stages of diabetic retinopathy.
1. NPDR (non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
This is the early stage of diabetic retinopathy.
Leakage in the retina causing: blot and dot bleeding and leakage of fat. Vision may still be very good at this stage.
2. PDR (Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy)
PDR is the more advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy.
Tractional Retinal Detachment
Abnormal blood vessels
Abnormal bleeding in eye
You can have diabetic retinopathy and not know it. This is because it often has no symptoms in the early stages. As diabetic retinopathy gets worse, there may be symptoms such as:
Amsler grid can be used to test your central vision. Covering one eye to test each eye. Look at the black dot at reading distance. If the lines appear wavy, you may have a macular problem (Image B).
– Laser can used to help seal off leaking blood vessels causing swelling in the macular: this is called focal laser.